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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2022
or 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                 
Commission File No. 001-34063 
 
https://cdn.kscope.io/1e215032cd286dd0945c3fe268bfab00-tree-20220331_g1.jpg
LendingTree, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
26-2414818
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 1415 Vantage Park Dr., Suite 700, Charlotte, North Carolina 28203
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(704541-5351
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share TREE The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes    No   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes    No   
As of April 28, 2022, there were 12,765,718 shares of the registrant's common stock, par value $.01 per share, outstanding, excluding treasury shares.




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  Page
Number
   
   

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PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements 

LENDINGTREE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited) 
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
 (in thousands, except per share amounts)
Revenue$283,178 $272,750 
Costs and expenses:  
Cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
15,561 13,895 
Selling and marketing expense204,157 197,462 
General and administrative expense35,973 34,989 
Product development14,052 12,468 
Depreciation4,854 3,718 
Amortization of intangibles7,917 11,312 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration 797 
Restructuring and severance3,625  
Litigation settlements and contingencies(27)16 
Total costs and expenses286,112 274,657 
Operating loss(2,934)(1,907)
Other (expense) income, net:  
Interest expense, net(7,505)(10,215)
Other (expense) income(1)40,072 
(Loss) income before income taxes(10,440)27,950 
Income tax expense(383)(8,638)
Net (loss) income from continuing operations(10,823)19,312 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(3)(263)
Net (loss) income and comprehensive (loss) income$(10,826)$19,049 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic12,901 13,070 
Diluted12,901 14,119 
(Loss) income per share from continuing operations:
Basic$(0.84)$1.48 
Diluted$(0.84)$1.37 
Loss per share from discontinued operations:
Basic$ $(0.02)
Diluted$ $(0.02)
Net (loss) income per share:
Basic$(0.84)$1.46 
Diluted$(0.84)$1.35 
 
The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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LENDINGTREE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (Unaudited) 
 March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
 (in thousands, except par value and share amounts)
ASSETS:  
Cash and cash equivalents$196,658 $251,231 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents120 111 
Accounts receivable (net of allowance of $1,803 and $1,456, respectively)
114,294 97,658 
Prepaid and other current assets26,995 25,379 
Total current assets338,067 374,379 
Property and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $28,180 and $28,315, respectively)
70,680 72,477 
Operating lease right-of-use assets74,807 77,346 
Goodwill420,139 420,139 
Intangible assets, net77,847 85,763 
Deferred income tax assets127,823 87,581 
Equity investment173,140 158,140 
Other non-current assets6,969 6,942 
Non-current assets of discontinued operations 16,589 
Total assets$1,289,472 $1,299,356 
LIABILITIES:  
Current portion of long-term debt$169,484 $166,008 
Accounts payable, trade9,909 1,692 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities107,881 106,731 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations4 1 
Total current liabilities287,278 274,432 
Long-term debt564,981 478,151 
Operating lease liabilities93,759 96,165 
Deferred income tax liabilities2,265 2,265 
Other non-current liabilities341 351 
Total liabilities948,624 851,364 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:  
Preferred stock $.01 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding
  
Common stock $.01 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 16,119,648 and 16,070,720 shares issued, respectively, and 12,764,182 and 13,095,149 shares outstanding, respectively
161 161 
Additional paid-in capital1,145,038 1,242,794 
Accumulated deficit(538,173)(571,794)
Treasury stock; 3,355,466 and 2,975,571 shares, respectively
(266,178)(223,169)
Total shareholders' equity340,848 447,992 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$1,289,472 $1,299,356 
 
The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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LENDINGTREE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 (Unaudited)
 
  Common Stock Treasury Stock
 TotalNumber
of Shares
AmountAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Number
of Shares
Amount
 (in thousands)
Balance as of December 31, 2021$447,992 16,071 $161 $1,242,794 $(571,794)2,976 $(223,169)
Net income and comprehensive income(10,826)— — — (10,826)— — 
Non-cash compensation15,080 — — 15,080 — — — 
Purchase of treasury stock(43,009)— — — — 379 (43,009)
Issuance of common stock for stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units, net of withholding taxes(3,086)49 — (3,086)— — — 
Cumulative effect adjustment due to ASU 2020-06(65,303)— — (109,750)44,447 — — 
Balance as of March 31, 2022$340,848 16,120$161 $1,145,038 $(538,173)3,355$(266,178)

  Common Stock Treasury Stock
 TotalNumber
of Shares
AmountAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Number
of Shares
Amount
 (in thousands)
Balance as of December 31, 2020$364,761 15,766 $158 $1,188,673 $(640,909)2,641 $(183,161)
Net income and comprehensive income19,049 — — — 19,049 — — 
Non-cash compensation16,436 — — 16,436 — — — 
Issuance of common stock for stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units, net of withholding taxes(4,801)31 — (4,801)— — — 
Other(2)— — (2)— — — 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$395,443 15,797$158 $1,200,306 $(621,860)2,641$(183,161)
 
The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
5

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LENDINGTREE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 (Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
 (in thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities attributable to continuing operations:  
Net (loss) income and comprehensive (loss) income$(10,826)$19,049 
Less: Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax3 263 
Net (loss) income from continuing operations(10,823)19,312 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities attributable to continuing operations:
Loss on impairments and disposal of assets431 348 
Amortization of intangibles7,917 11,312 
Depreciation4,854 3,718 
Non-cash compensation expense15,080 16,436 
Deferred income taxes326 8,638 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration 797 
Gain on investments (40,072)
Bad debt expense850 516 
Amortization of debt issuance costs2,467 1,275 
Amortization of debt discount879 7,346 
Reduction in carrying amount of ROU asset, offset by change in operating lease liabilities(49)7,132 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(17,488)(33,743)
Prepaid and other current assets(3,666)(915)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities9,320 7,154 
Income taxes receivable48 (89)
Other, net(146)(240)
Net cash provided by operating activities attributable to continuing operations10,000 8,925 
Cash flows from investing activities attributable to continuing operations:
Capital expenditures(3,465)(10,553)
Equity investment(15,000)(1,180)
Net cash used in investing activities attributable to continuing operations(18,465)(11,733)
Cash flows from financing activities attributable to continuing operations:
Payments related to net-share settlement of stock-based compensation, net of proceeds from exercise of stock options(3,085)(4,801)
Purchase of treasury stock(43,009) 
Payment of debt issuance costs(4)(168)
Other financing activities (31)
Net cash used in financing activities attributable to continuing operations(46,098)(5,000)
Total cash used in continuing operations(54,563)(7,808)
Discontinued operations:
Net cash used in operating activities attributable to discontinued operations(1)(71)
Total cash used in discontinued operations(1)(71)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents(54,564)(7,879)
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents at beginning of period251,342 170,049 
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents at end of period$196,778 $162,170 
 
The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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LENDINGTREE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



NOTE 1—ORGANIZATION
Company Overview
LendingTree, Inc. is the parent of LT Intermediate Company, LLC, which holds all of the outstanding ownership interests of LendingTree, LLC, and LendingTree, LLC owns several companies (collectively, "LendingTree" or the "Company").

LendingTree operates what it believes to be the leading online consumer platform that connects consumers with the choices they need to be confident in their financial decisions. The Company offers consumers tools and resources, including free credit scores, that facilitate comparison-shopping for mortgage loans, home equity loans and lines of credit, reverse mortgage loans, auto loans, credit cards, deposit accounts, personal loans, student loans, small business loans, insurance quotes, sales of insurance policies and other related offerings. The Company primarily seeks to match in-market consumers with multiple providers on its marketplace who can provide them with competing quotes for loans, deposit products, insurance or other related offerings they are seeking. The Company also serves as a valued partner to lenders and other providers seeking an efficient, scalable and flexible source of customer acquisition with directly measurable benefits, by matching the consumer inquiries it generates with these providers.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of LendingTree and all its wholly-owned entities, except Home Loan Center, Inc. ("HLC") subsequent to its bankruptcy filing on July 21, 2019 which resulted in the Company's loss of a controlling interest in HLC under applicable accounting standards. Intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated. The HLC Bankruptcy case was closed on July 14, 2021. The HLC entity was legally dissolved in the first quarter of 2022. See Note 16—Discontinued Operations for additional information.
Discontinued Operations
The LendingTree Loans business, which consisted of originating various consumer mortgage loans through HLC (the "LendingTree Loans Business"), is presented as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income and consolidated statements of cash flows for all periods presented. The notes accompanying these consolidated financial statements reflect the Company's continuing operations and, unless otherwise noted, exclude information related to the discontinued operations. See Note 16Discontinued Operations for additional information.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2022 and for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited financial statements, and include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of the Company's financial position for the periods presented. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022, or any other period. The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 was derived from audited financial statements included in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Annual Report"). The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. Accordingly, they should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2021 Annual Report. 
NOTE 2—SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Accounting Estimates
Management is required to make certain estimates and assumptions during the preparation of the consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. These estimates and assumptions impact the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements. They also impact the reported amount of net earnings during any period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. 
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Significant estimates underlying the accompanying consolidated financial statements, including discontinued operations, include: the recoverability of long-lived assets, goodwill and intangible assets; the determination of income taxes payable and deferred income taxes, including related valuation allowances; fair value of assets acquired in a business combination; contingent consideration related to business combinations; litigation accruals; HLC ownership related claims; contract assets; various other allowances, reserves and accruals; assumptions related to the determination of stock-based compensation; and the determination of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. 
The Company considered the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the assumptions and estimates used when preparing its financial statements including, but not limited to, the allowance for doubtful accounts, valuation allowances, contract asset and contingent consideration. These assumptions and estimates may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained. If economic conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic do not recover as currently estimated by management, such future changes may have an adverse impact on the Company's results of operations, financial position and liquidity.
Certain Risks and Concentrations
LendingTree's business is subject to certain risks and concentrations including dependence on third-party technology providers, exposure to risks associated with online commerce security and credit card fraud.
Financial instruments, which potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk at March 31, 2022, consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable, as disclosed in the consolidated balance sheet. Cash and cash equivalents are in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limits, but are maintained with quality financial institutions of high credit. The Company requires certain Network Partners to maintain security deposits with the Company, which in the event of non-payment, would be applied against any accounts receivable outstanding.
Due to the nature of the mortgage lending industry, interest rate fluctuations may negatively impact future revenue from the Company's marketplace.
Lenders and lead purchasers participating on the Company's marketplace can offer their products directly to consumers through brokers, mass marketing campaigns or through other traditional methods of credit distribution. These lenders and lead purchasers can also offer their products online, either directly to prospective borrowers, through one or more online competitors, or both. If a significant number of potential consumers are able to obtain loans and other products from Network Partners without utilizing the Company's services, the Company's ability to generate revenue may be limited. Because the Company does not have exclusive relationships with the Network Partners whose loans and other financial products are offered on its online marketplace, consumers may obtain offers from these Network Partners without using its service.
Other than a support services office in India, the Company's operations are geographically limited to and dependent upon the economic condition of the United States.
Litigation Settlements and Contingencies
Litigation settlements and contingencies consists of expenses related to actual or anticipated litigation settlements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments, amends the derivatives scope exception guidance for contracts in an entity’s own equity, and amends the related earnings-per-share guidance. Under the new guidance, the embedded conversion features are no longer separated from the host contract for convertible instruments with conversion features that are not required to be accounted for as derivatives under Topic 815, or that do not result in substantial premiums accounted for as paid-in capital. As a result, a convertible debt instrument will be accounted for as a single liability measured at its amortized cost, as long as no other features require bifurcation and recognition as derivatives. Additionally, the new guidance requires the if-converted method to be applied for all convertible instruments when calculating diluted earnings per share. This ASU is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted for periods beginning after December 15, 2020. An entity may adopt the amendments through either a modified retrospective method of transition or a fully retrospective method of transition.
The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 on January 1, 2022 using the modified retrospective transition approach and recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2020-06 as a $44.4 million adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit, comprised of $60.8 million for the interest adjustment net of $16.4 million for the related tax impacts. The recombination of the equity conversion component of our convertible debt remaining outstanding caused a reduction in
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additional paid-in capital and an increase in deferred income tax assets. The removal of the remaining debt discounts recorded for this previous separation had the effect of increasing our net debt balance. ASU 2020-06 also requires the dilutive impact of convertible debt instruments to utilize the if-converted method when calculating diluted earnings per share and the result is more dilutive. The prior period consolidated financial statements have not been retrospectively adjusted and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. See Note 12—Debt for further information.
The cumulative effect of the changes made to the consolidated January 1, 2022 balance sheet for the adoption of ASU 2020-06 were as follows (in thousands):
December 31, 2021Adjustments due to
ASU 2020-06
January 1, 2022
Assets:
Deferred income tax assets$87,581 $23,979 $111,560 
Liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$166,008 $3,213 $169,221 
Long-term debt478,151 86,069 564,220 
Shareholders' equity:
Additional paid-in capital$1,242,794 $(109,750)$1,133,044 
Accumulated deficit(571,794)44,447 (527,347)
The adoption of ASU 2020-06 did not impact our cash flows or compliance with debt covenants.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company has considered the applicability of recently issued accounting pronouncements by the Financial Accounting Standards Board and have determined that they are not applicable or are not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 3—REVENUE
Revenue is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Home$101,944 $128,125 
Credit cards29,822 17,637 
Personal loans35,210 14,868 
Other Consumer36,036 25,402 
Total Consumer101,068 57,907 
Insurance80,038 86,614 
Other128 104 
Total revenue$283,178 $272,750 
The Company derives its revenue primarily from match fees and closing fees. Revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied and promised services have transferred to the customer. The Company's services are generally transferred to the customer at a point in time.
Revenue from Home products is primarily generated from upfront match fees paid by mortgage Network Partners that receive a loan request, and in some cases upfront fees for clicks or call transfers. Match fees and upfront fees for clicks and call transfers are earned through the delivery of loan requests that originated through the Company's websites or affiliates. The
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Company recognizes revenue at the time a loan request is delivered to the customer, provided that no significant obligations remain. The Company's contractual right to the match fee consideration is contemporaneous with the satisfaction of the performance obligation to deliver a loan request to the customer.
Revenue from Consumer products is generated by match and other upfront fees for clicks or call transfers, as well as from closing fees, approval fees and upfront service and subscription fees. Closing fees are derived from lenders on certain auto loans, business loans, personal loans and student loans when the lender funds a loan with the consumer. Approval fees are derived from credit card issuers when the credit card consumer receives card approval from the credit card issuer. Upfront service fees and subscription fees are derived from consumers in the Company's credit services product. Upfront fees paid by consumers are recognized as revenue over the estimated time the consumer will remain a customer and receive services. Subscription fees are recognized over the period a consumer is receiving services.
The Company recognizes revenue on closing fees and approval fees at the point when a loan request or a credit card consumer is delivered to the customer. The Company's contractual right to closing fees and approval fees is not contemporaneous with the satisfaction of the performance obligation to deliver a loan request or a credit card consumer to the customer. As such, the Company records a contract asset at each reporting period-end related to the estimated variable consideration on closing fees and approval fees for which the Company has satisfied the related performance obligation but are still pending the loan closing or credit card approval before the Company has a contractual right to payment. This estimate is based on the Company's historical closing rates and historical time between when a consumer request for a loan or credit card is delivered to the lender or card issuer and when the loan is closed by the lender or approved by the card issuer.
Revenue from the Company's Insurance products is primarily generated from upfront match fees and upfront fees for website clicks or fees for calls. Match fees and upfront fees for clicks and call transfers are earned through the delivery of consumer requests that originated through the Company's websites or affiliates. The Company recognizes revenue at the time a consumer request is delivered to the customer, provided that no significant obligations remain. The Company's contractual right to the match fee consideration is contemporaneous with the satisfaction of the performance obligation to deliver a consumer request to the customer.
The contract asset recorded within prepaid and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheets related to estimated variable consideration in the Company's Consumer business was $9.7 million and $9.1 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
The contract liability recorded within accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets related to upfront fees paid by consumers in the Company's Consumer business was $1.0 million and $0.8 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. During the first quarter of 2022, the Company recognized revenue of $0.7 million that was included in the contract liability balance at December 31, 2021. During the first quarter of 2021, the Company recognized revenue of $0.6 million that was included in the contract liability balance at December 31, 2020.
Revenue recognized in any reporting period includes estimated variable consideration for which the Company has satisfied the related performance obligations but are still pending the occurrence or non-occurrence of a future event outside the Company's control (such as lenders providing loans to consumers or credit card approvals of consumers) before the Company has a contractual right to payment. The Company recognized increases to such revenue from prior periods of $0.2 million and $0.3 million in the first quarters of 2022 and 2021, respectively.
NOTE 4—CASH AND RESTRICTED CASH
Total cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents consist of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents$196,658 $251,231 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents120 111 
Total cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents$196,778 $251,342 
NOTE 5—ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS
Accounts receivable are stated at amounts due from customers, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts.
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The Company determines its allowance for doubtful accounts by considering a number of factors, including the length of time accounts receivable are past due, previous loss history, current and expected economic conditions and the specific customer's current and expected ability to pay its obligation. Accounts receivable are considered past due when they are outstanding longer than the contractual payment terms. Accounts receivable are written off when management deems them uncollectible.
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of the allowance for doubtful accounts is as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Balance, beginning of the period$1,456 $1,402 
Charges to earnings850 516 
Write-off of uncollectible accounts receivable(503)(494)
Recoveries collected 5 
Balance, end of the period$1,803 $1,429 
NOTE 6—GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The balance of goodwill, net and intangible assets, net is as follows (in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
Goodwill$903,227 $903,227 
Accumulated impairment losses(483,088)(483,088)
Net goodwill$420,139 $420,139 
Intangible assets with indefinite lives$10,142 $10,142 
Intangible assets with definite lives, net67,705 75,621 
Total intangible assets, net$77,847 $85,763 
Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
The Company's goodwill at each of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consists of $59.3 million associated with the Home segment, $166.1 million associated with the Consumer segment, and $194.7 million associated with the Insurance segment.
Intangible assets with indefinite lives relate to the Company's trademarks.
Intangible Assets with Definite Lives
Intangible assets with definite lives relate to the following (in thousands):
 CostAccumulated
Amortization
Net
Technology$83,500 $(70,236)$13,264 
Customer lists77,300 (26,195)51,105 
Trademarks and tradenames11,700 (8,364)3,336 
Balance at March 31, 2022$172,500 $(104,795)$67,705 
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 CostAccumulated
Amortization
Net
Technology$87,700 $(69,369)$18,331 
Customer lists77,300 (24,668)52,632 
Trademarks and tradenames11,700 (7,767)3,933 
Website content26,100 (25,375)725 
Balance at December 31, 2021$202,800 $(127,179)$75,621 
Amortization of intangible assets with definite lives is computed on a straight-line basis and, based on balances as of March 31, 2022, future amortization is estimated to be as follows (in thousands):
 Amortization Expense
Remainder of current year$17,339 
Year ending December 31, 20238,602 
Year ending December 31, 20246,747 
Year ending December 31, 20256,259 
Year ending December 31, 20265,504 
Thereafter23,254 
Total intangible assets with definite lives, net$67,705 
NOTE 7—EQUITY INVESTMENT
In January 2022, the Company acquired an equity interest in EarnUp Inc. ("EarnUp") for $15.0 million. The company is a consumer-first mortgage payment platform that intelligently automates loan payment scheduling and helps consumers better manage their money and improve their financial well-being.
On February 28, 2020, the Company acquired an equity interest in Stash Financial, Inc. (“Stash”) for $80.0 million. On January 6, 2021, the Company acquired additional equity interest for $1.2 million. On October 18, 2021, the Company entered into a stock transfer agreement with third parties to sell a portion of its Stash equity securities for $46.3 million. The Company sold $35.3 million in October and closed on an additional $11.0 million in November 2021. The Company recorded a realized gain of $27.9 million based on the sale of Stash equity securities under the stock transfer agreement, which is included within other income on the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income. Stash is a consumer investing and banking platform. Stash brings together banking, investing, and financial services education into one seamless experience offering a full suite of personal investment accounts, traditional and Roth IRAs, custodial investment accounts, and banking services, including checking accounts and debit cards with a Stock-Back® rewards program.
The equity securities do not have a readily determinable fair value and, upon acquisition, the Company elected the measurement alternative to value its securities. The equity securities will be carried at cost and subsequently marked to market upon observable market events with any gains or losses recorded to the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income. In 2021, the Company recorded a net unrealized gain on the investment in Stash of $95.4 million as a result of an adjustment to the fair value of the Stash equity securities based on observable market events, which is included within other income on the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income.
As of March 31, 2022, there have been no impairments to the acquisition cost of the equity securities.
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NOTE 8—ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following (in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
Accrued advertising expense$65,778 $59,150 
Accrued compensation and benefits12,394 16,330 
Accrued professional fees1,127 1,887 
Customer deposits and escrows8,209 7,546 
Contribution to LendingTree Foundation 3,333 
Current lease liabilities8,561 8,595 
Other11,812 9,890 
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities$107,881 $106,731 
NOTE 9—SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY 
Basic and diluted income per share was determined based on the following share data (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Weighted average basic common shares12,901 13,070 
Effect of stock options 658 
Effect of dilutive share awards 118 
Effect of Convertible Senior Notes and warrants 273 
Weighted average diluted common shares12,901 14,119 
For the first quarter of 2022, the Company had losses from continuing operations and, as a result, no potentially dilutive securities were included in the denominator for computing diluted loss per share, because the impact would have been anti-dilutive. Accordingly, the weighted average basic shares outstanding was used to compute loss per share. Approximately 0.3 million shares related to potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the first quarter of 2022 because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. For the first quarter of 2022, the weighted average shares that were anti-dilutive, and therefore excluded from the calculation of diluted income per share, included options to purchase 0.9 million shares of common stock and 0.2 million restricted stock units.
For the first quarter of 2021, the weighted average shares that were anti-dilutive, and therefore excluded from the calculation of diluted income per share, included options to purchase 0.3 million shares of common stock.
The convertible notes and the warrants issued by the Company could be converted into the Company’s common stock, subject to certain contingencies. See Note 12—Debt for additional information. On January 1, 2022, the Company adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective method. Following the adoption, the if-converted method is used for diluted net income per share calculation of our convertible notes. Prior to the adoption of ASU 2020-06 the dilutive impact of the convertible notes was calculated using the treasury stock method. See Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies for additional information.
Approximately 2.1 million shares related to the potentially dilutive shares of the Company's common stock associated with the 0.50% Convertible Senior Notes due July 15, 2025 and the 0.625% Convertible Senior Notes due June 1, 2022 were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the first quarter of 2022 because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. Shares of the Company's stock associated with the warrants issued by the Company in 2017 and 2020 were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the first quarter of 2022 as they were anti-dilutive since the the strike price of the warrants was greater than the average market price of the Company's common stock during the period.
The employee stock purchase plan did not have a material impact to the calculation of diluted shares.
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Common Stock Repurchases
In each of February 2018 and February 2019, the board of directors authorized and the Company announced the repurchase of up to $100.0 million and $150.0 million, respectively, of LendingTree's common stock. In the first quarter of 2022, the Company purchased 379,895 shares of its common stock pursuant to this stock repurchase program. There were no repurchases of the Company's common stock during the first quarter 2021. At March 31, 2022, approximately $96.7 million of the previous authorizations to repurchase common stock remain available.
NOTE 10—STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Non-cash compensation related to equity awards is included in the following line items in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Cost of revenue$393 $397 
Selling and marketing expense2,039 1,802 
General and administrative expense9,600 12,171 
Product development1,965 2,066 
Restructuring and severance1,083  
Total non-cash compensation$15,080 $16,436 
Stock Options
A summary of changes in outstanding stock options is as follows:
 Number of OptionsWeighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value(a)
  (per option)(in years)(in thousands)
Options outstanding at January 1, 2022676,293 $169.71 
Granted (b)
130,428 114.28 
Exercised  
Forfeited(10,010)258.09 
Expired(811)278.83 
Options outstanding at March 31, 2022795,900 159.41 5.85$25,773 
Options exercisable at March 31, 2022485,638 $126.88 3.77$24,985 
(a)The aggregate intrinsic value represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value (the difference between the Company's closing stock price of $119.67 on the last trading day of the quarter ended March 31, 2022 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of shares covered by in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holder had the option holder exercised these options on March 31, 2022. The intrinsic value changes based on the market value of the Company's common stock.
(b)During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted stock options to certain employees with a weighted average grant date fair value per share of $58.60, calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, with a vesting period of three years from grant date.
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For purposes of determining stock-based compensation expense, the weighted average grant date fair value per share of the stock options was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, which requires the use of various key assumptions. The weighted average assumptions used are as follows:
Expected term (1)
 6.00 years
Expected dividend (2)
 
Expected volatility (3)
53 - 56%
Risk-free interest rate (4)
1.62 - 1.79%
(1)The expected term of stock options granted was calculated using the "Simplified Method," which utilizes the midpoint between the weighted average time of vesting and the end of the contractual term. This method was utilized for the stock options due to a lack of historical exercise behavior by the Company's employees.
(2)For all stock options granted in 2022, no dividends are expected to be paid over the contractual term of the stock options, resulting in a zero expected dividend rate.
(3)The expected volatility rate is based on the historical volatility of the Company's common stock.
(4)The risk-free interest rate is specific to the date of grant. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury yields for notes with comparable expected terms as the awards, in effect at the grant date.
Stock Options with Market Conditions
A summary of changes in outstanding stock options with market conditions at target is as follows:
 Number of Options with Market ConditionsWeighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value(a)
  (per option)(in years)(in thousands)
Options outstanding at January 1, 2022700,209 $236.01 
Granted  
Exercised  
Forfeited  
Expired(13,163)378.95 
Options outstanding at March 31, 2022687,046 233.27 6.51$ 
Options exercisable at March 31, 2022 $ 0.00$ 
(a)The aggregate intrinsic value represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value (the difference between the Company's closing stock price of $119.67 on the last trading day of the quarter ended March 31, 2022 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of shares covered by in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holder had the option holder exercised these options on March 31, 2022. The intrinsic value changes based on the market value of the Company's common stock.
A maximum of 1,147,367 shares may be earned for achieving superior performance up to 167% of the target number of shares. As of March 31, 2022, performance-based nonqualified stock options with a market condition of 481,669 had been earned, which have a vest date of September 30, 2022.

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Restricted Stock Units
A summary of changes in outstanding nonvested restricted stock units ("RSUs") is as follows:
 RSUs
 Number of UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
(per unit)
Nonvested at January 1, 2022308,068 $226.55 
Granted321,998 113.55 
Vested(75,786)280.44 
Forfeited(26,687)215.35 
Nonvested at March 31, 2022527,593 $150.41 
Restricted Stock Awards with Market Conditions
A summary of changes in outstanding nonvested RSAs with market conditions at target is as follows:
 RSAs with Market Conditions
 Number of AwardsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
(per unit)
Nonvested at January 1, 202226,674 $340.25 
Granted  
Vested  
Forfeited  
Nonvested at March 31, 202226,674 $340.25 
 
A maximum of 44,545 shares may be earned for achieving superior performance up to 167% of the target number of shares. As of March 31, 2022, performance-based restricted stock awards with a market condition of 29,601 had been earned, which have a vest date of September 30, 2022.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
In 2021, the Company implemented an employee stock purchase plan ("ESPP"), under which a total of 262,731 shares of the Company's common stock were reserved for issuance. As of March 31, 2022, 257,188 shares of common stock were available for issuance under the ESPP. The ESPP is a tax-qualified plan under Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code. Under the terms of the ESPP, eligible employees are granted options to purchase shares of the Company's common stock at 85% of the lesser of (1) the fair market value at time of grant or (2) the fair market value at time of exercise. The offering periods and purchase periods are typically six-month periods ending on June 30 and December 31 of each year. No shares were issued under the ESPP during the first quarter of 2022.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted employee stock purchase rights to certain employees with a grant date fair value per share of $35.43, calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. For purposes of determining stock-based compensation expense, the grant date fair value per share estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model required the use of the following key assumptions:
Expected term (1)
0.50 years
Expected dividend (2)
 
Expected volatility (3)
49 %
Risk-free interest rate (4)
0.19 %
(1)The expected term was calculated using the time period between the grant date and the purchase date.
(2)No dividends are expected to be paid, resulting in a zero expected dividend rate.
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(3)The expected volatility rate is based on the historical volatility of the Company's common stock.
(4)The risk-free interest rate is specific to the date of grant. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury yields for notes with comparable expected terms as the employee stock purchase rights, in effect at the grant date.
NOTE 11—INCOME TAXES
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
(in thousands, except percentages)
Income tax expense$(383)$(8,638)
Effective tax rate(3.7)%30.9 %
For the first quarter of 2022, the effective tax rate varied from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to excess tax expense of $2.5 million, resulting from vesting of restricted stock in accordance with ASU 2016-09 and the effect of state taxes. For the first quarter of 2021, the effective tax rate varied from the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the effect of state taxes.
The Company determines its estimated annual effective tax rate at the end of each interim period based on estimated pre-tax income (loss) and facts known at that time. The estimated annual effective tax rate is applied to the year-to-date pre-tax income (loss) at the end of each interim period with certain adjustments. The tax effects of significant unusual or extraordinary items are reflected as discrete adjustments in the periods in which they occur. However, if the Company is unable to make a reliable estimate of its annual effective tax rate, then the actual effective tax rate for the year-to-date period may be the best estimate. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company determined that its annual effective tax rate approach would provide a reliable estimate and therefore used its historical method to calculate its tax provision. However, for the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company used a discrete effective tax rate method as it was determined that the effective tax rate determined using the forecast of ordinary income or loss does not reasonably estimate the effective tax rate to be applied to year-to-date pre-tax income (loss), and any small changes would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
(in thousands)
Income tax expense - excluding excess tax benefit on stock compensation$2,085 $(8,670)
Excess tax (expense) benefit on stock compensation(2,468)32 
Income tax expense$(383)$(8,638)
NOTE 12—DEBT
Convertible Senior Notes
2025 Notes
On July 24, 2020, the Company issued $575.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 0.50% Convertible Senior Notes due July 15, 2025 (the “2025 Notes”) in a private placement. The issuance included $75.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2025 Notes under a 13-day purchase option which was exercised in full. The 2025 Notes bear interest at a rate of 0.50% per year, payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 of each year, beginning on January 15, 2021. The 2025 Notes will mature on July 15, 2025, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted.
The initial conversion rate of the 2025 Notes is 2.1683 shares of the Company's common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2025 Notes (which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $461.19 per share). The conversion rate will be subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain specified events but will not be adjusted for accrued and unpaid interest. In addition, upon the occurrence of a make-whole fundamental change prior to the maturity of the 2025 Notes or if the Company issues a notice of redemption for the 2025 Notes, the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion
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rate by a specified number of additional shares for a holder that elects to convert the 2025 Notes in connection with such make-whole fundamental change or to convert its 2025 Notes called for redemption, as the case may be. Upon conversion, the 2025 Notes will settle for cash, shares of the Company’s stock, or a combination thereof, at the Company’s option. It is the intent of the Company to settle the principal amount of the 2025 Notes in cash and any conversion premium in shares of its common stock.
The 2025 Notes are the Company’s senior unsecured obligations and will rank senior in right of payment to any of the Company’s indebtedness that is expressly subordinated in right of payment to the 2025 Notes; equal in right of payment to any of the Company’s unsecured indebtedness that is not so subordinated; effectively junior in right of payment to any of the Company’s secured indebtedness, including borrowings under the senior secured revolving credit facility, described below, to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness; and structurally junior to all indebtedness and other liabilities (including trade payables) of the Company’s subsidiaries.
Prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding March 13, 2025, the 2025 Notes will be convertible at the option of the holders thereof only under the following circumstances:
during any calendar quarter commencing after the calendar quarter ending on September 30, 2020 (and only during such calendar quarter), if the last reported sale price of the common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on, and including the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day;
during the five business day period after any five consecutive trading day period in which, for each trading day of that period, the trading price (as defined in the 2025 Notes) per $1,000 principal amount of 2025 Notes for such trading day was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of the common stock and the conversion rate on each such trading day;
if the Company calls such 2025 Notes for redemption, at any time prior to the close of business on the scheduled trading day immediately preceding the redemption date, but only with respect to the notes called for redemption; or
upon the occurrence of specified corporate events including but not limited to a fundamental change.
Holders of the 2025 Notes were not entitled to convert the 2025 Notes during the calendar quarter ended March 31, 2022 as the last reported sale price of the Company's common stock, for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on December 31, 2021, was not greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price of the 2025 Notes on each applicable trading day. Holders of the 2025 Notes are not entitled to convert the 2025 Notes during the calendar quarter ended June 30, 2022 as the last reported sale price of the Company's common stock, for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on March 31, 2022, was not greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price of the 2025 Notes on each applicable trading day.
On or after March 13, 2025, until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date of the 2025 Notes, holders of the 2025 Notes may convert all or a portion of their 2025 Notes regardless of the foregoing conditions.
The Company may not redeem the 2025 Notes prior to July 20, 2023. On or after July 20, 2023 and before the 41st scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date, the Company may redeem for cash all or a portion of the 2025 Notes, at its option, if the last reported sale price of the common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during the 30 consecutive trading day period (and including the last trading day of such period) ending on, and including the last trading day immediately preceding the date of notice of redemption is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day. The redemption price will be equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2025 Notes to be redeemed, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date. No sinking fund is provided for the 2025 Notes.
Upon the occurrence of a fundamental change prior to the maturity date of the 2025 Notes, holders of the 2025 Notes may require the Company to repurchase all or a portion of the 2025 Notes for cash at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2025 Notes to be repurchased, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date.
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If the market price per share of the common stock, as measured under the terms of the 2025 Notes, exceeds the conversion price of the 2025 Notes, the 2025 Notes could have a dilutive effect, unless the Company elects, subject to certain conditions, to settle the principal amount of the 2025 Notes and any conversion premium in cash.
Accounting for the Notes After Adoption of ASU 2020-06
The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 on January 1, 2022 as further described in Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies. Following the adoption of ASU 2020-06, the 2025 Notes are recorded as a single unit within liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets as the conversion features within the 2025 Notes are not derivatives that require bifurcation and the 2025 Notes do not involve a substantial premium. Debt issuance costs to issue the 2025 Notes were recorded as direct deduction from the related liability and amortized to interest expense over the term of Notes. The new guidance also requires the if-converted method to be applied for all convertible instruments when calculating diluted earnings per share. See Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies for additional information.
Accounting for the Notes Before Adoption of ASU 2020-06
The initial measurement of convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash was separated into a debt and an equity component whereby the debt component was based on the fair value of a similar instrument that does not contain an equity conversion option. The separate components of debt and equity of the Company’s 2025 Notes were determined using an interest rate of 5.30%, which reflects the nonconvertible debt borrowing rate of the Company at the date of issuance. As a result, the initial components of debt and equity were $455.6 million and $119.4 million, respectively. Financing costs related to the issuance of the 2025 Notes were approximately $15.1 million, of which $12.0 million were allocated to the liability component and are being amortized to interest expense over the term of the debt and $3.1 million were allocated to the equity component.
In the first quarter of 2022, the Company recorded interest expense on the 2025 Notes of $1.5 million which consisted of $0.7 million associated with the 0.50% coupon rate and $0.8 million associated with the amortization of the debt issuance costs. In the first quarter of 2021, the Company recorded interest expense on the 2025 Notes of $6.8 million which consisted of $0.7 million associated with the 0.50% coupon rate, $5.5 million associated with the accretion of the debt discount, and $0.6 million associated with the amortization of the debt issuance costs.
As of March 31, 2022, the fair value of the 2025 Notes is estimated to be approximately $471.5 million using the Level 1 observable input of the last quoted market price on March 31, 2022.
A summary of the gross carrying amount, unamortized debt cost, debt issuance costs and net carrying value of the liability component of the 2025 Notes, all of which is recorded as a non-current liability in the March 31, 2022 consolidated balance sheet, are as follows (in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
Gross carrying amount$575,000 $575,000 
Unamortized debt discount 87,994 
Debt issuance costs10,019 8,855 
Net carrying amount$564,981 $478,151 
2022 Notes
On May 31, 2017, the Company issued $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 0.625% Convertible Senior Notes due June 1, 2022 (the “2022 Notes”) in a private placement. The 2022 Notes bear interest at a rate of 0.625% per year, payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year, beginning on December 1, 2017. The 2022 Notes will mature on June 1, 2022, unless earlier repurchased or converted.
The initial conversion rate of the 2022 Notes is 4.8163 shares of the Company's common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2022 Notes (which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $207.63 per share). The conversion rate will be subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain specified events but will not be adjusted for accrued and unpaid interest. In addition, upon the occurrence of a make-whole fundamental change prior to the maturity of the 2022 Notes, the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate by a specified number of additional shares for a holder that elects to
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convert the 2022 Notes in connection with such make-whole fundamental change. Upon conversion, the 2022 Notes will settle for cash, shares of the Company’s stock, or a combination thereof, at the Company’s option. It is the intent of the Company to settle the principal amount of the 2022 Notes in cash and any conversion premium in shares of its common stock.
The 2022 Notes are the Company’s senior unsecured obligations and will rank senior in right of payment to any of the Company’s indebtedness that is expressly subordinated in right of payment to the 2022 Notes; equal in right of payment to any of the Company’s unsecured indebtedness that is not so subordinated; effectively junior in right of payment to any of the Company’s secured indebtedness, including borrowings under the senior secured credit facility, described below, to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness; and structurally junior to all indebtedness and other liabilities (including trade payables) of the Company’s subsidiaries.
Prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding February 1, 2022, the 2022 Notes will be convertible at the option of the holders thereof only under the following circumstances:
during any calendar quarter commencing after the calendar quarter ending on September 30, 2017 (and only during such calendar quarter), if the last reported sale price of the common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on, and including the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day;
during the five business day period after any five consecutive trading day period in which, for each trading day of that period, the trading price (as defined in the 2022 Notes) per $1,000 principal amount of 2022 Notes for such trading day was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of the common stock and the conversion rate on each such trading day; or
upon the occurrence of specified corporate events including but not limited to a fundamental change.
On or after February 1, 2022, until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date of the 2022 Notes, holders of the 2022 Notes may convert all or a portion of their 2022 Notes regardless of the foregoing conditions.
The Company may not redeem the 2022 Notes prior to the maturity date and no sinking fund is provided for the 2022 Notes. Upon the occurrence of a fundamental change prior to the maturity date of the 2022 Notes, holders of the 2022 Notes may require the Company to repurchase all or a portion of the 2022 Notes for cash at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2022 Notes to be repurchased, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date.
If the market price per share of the common stock, as measured under the terms of the 2022 Notes, exceeds the conversion price of the 2022 Notes, the 2022 Notes could have a dilutive effect, unless the Company elects, subject to certain conditions, to settle the principal amount of the 2022 Notes and any conversion premium in cash.
Accounting for the Notes After Adoption of ASU 2020-06
The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 on January 1, 2022 as further described in Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies. Following the adoption of ASU 2020-06, the 2022 Notes are recorded as a single unit within liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets as the conversion features within the 2022 Notes are not derivatives that require bifurcation and the 2022 Notes do not involve a substantial premium. Debt issuance costs to issue the 2022 Notes were recorded as direct deduction from the related liability and amortized to interest expense over the term of Notes. The new guidance also requires the if-converted method to be applied for all convertible instruments when calculating diluted earnings per share. See Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies for additional information.
Accounting for the Notes Before Adoption of ASU 2020-06
The separate components of debt and equity of the Company’s 2022 Notes were determined using an interest rate of 5.36%, which reflects the nonconvertible debt borrowing rate of the Company at the date of issuance. As a result, the initial components of debt and equity were $238.4 million and $61.6 million, respectively. Financing costs related to the issuance of the 2022 Notes were approximately $9.3 million, of which $7.4 million were allocated to the liability component and are being amortized to interest expense over the term of the debt and $1.9 million were allocated to the equity component.
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On July 24, 2020, the Company used approximately $234.0 million of the net proceeds from the issuance of the 2025 Notes to repurchase approximately $130.3 million principal amount of the 2022 Notes, including the payment of accrued and unpaid interest of approximately $0.1 million, through separate transactions with certain holders of the 2022 Notes. Of the consideration paid, $126.0 million was allocated to the extinguishment of the liability component of the notes, while the remaining $107.9 million was allocated to the reacquisition of the equity component and recorded as a reduction to additional paid-in capital in the consolidated statement of shareholders’ equity. The Company recognized a loss on debt extinguishment of $7.8 million in the third quarter of 2020, which is included in interest expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
In the first quarter of 2022, the Company recorded interest expense on the 2022 Notes of $0.5 million which consisted of $0.3 million associated with the 0.625% coupon rate and $0.2 million associated with the amortization of the debt issuance costs. In the first quarter of 2021, the Company recorded interest expense on the 2022 Notes of $2.3 million which consisted of $0.3 million associated with the 0.625% coupon rate, $1.8 million associated with the accretion of the debt discount, and $0.2 million associated with the amortization of the debt issuance costs.
As of March 31, 2022, the fair value of the 2022 Notes is estimated to be approximately $168.4 million using the Level 1 observable input of the last quoted market price on March 31, 2022.
A summary of the gross carrying amount, unamortized debt cost, debt issuance costs and net carrying value of the liability component of the 2022 Notes, all of which is recorded as a current liability in the March 31, 2022 consolidated balance sheet, are as follows (in thousands):
 March 31,
2022
December 31, 2021
Gross carrying amount$169,659 $169,659 
Unamortized debt discount 3,260 
Debt issuance costs175 391 
Net carrying amount$169,484 $166,008 
Convertible Note Hedge and Warrant Transactions
2020 Hedge and Warrants
On July 24, 2020, in connection with the issuance of the 2025 Notes, the Company entered into Convertible Note Hedge (the “2020 Hedge”) and warrant transactions with respect to the Company’s common stock. The Company used approximately $63.0 million of the net proceeds from the 2025 Notes to pay for the cost of the 2020 Hedge, after such cost was partially offset by the proceeds from the warrant transactions.
On July 24, 2020, the Company paid $124.2 million to the counterparties for the 2020 Hedge transactions. The 2020 Hedge transactions cover 1.2 million shares of the Company’s common stock, the same number of shares initially underlying the 2025 Notes, and are exercisable upon any conversion of the 2025 Notes. The 2020 Hedge transactions are expected generally to reduce the potential dilution to the Company's common stock upon conversion of the 2025 Notes and/or offset any cash payments the Company is required to make in excess of the principal amount of the converted 2025 Notes, as the case may be, in the event that the market price per share of common stock, as measured under the terms of the 2020 Hedge transactions, is greater than the strike price of the 2020 Hedge transactions, which initially corresponds to the initial conversion price of the 2025 Notes, or approximately $461.19 per share of common stock. The 2020 Hedge transactions will expire upon the maturity of the Notes.
On July 24, 2020, the Company sold to the counterparties, warrants (the “2020 Warrants”) to acquire 1.2 million shares of the Company's common stock at an initial strike price of $709.52 per share, which represents a premium of 100% over the last reported sale price of the common stock of $354.76 on July 21, 2020. On July 24, 2020, the Company received aggregate proceeds of approximately $61.2 million from the sale of the 2020 Warrants. If the market price per share of the common stock, as measured under the terms of the 2020 Warrants, exceeds the strike price of the 2020 Warrants, the 2020 Warrants could have a dilutive effect, unless the Company elects, subject to