CHARLOTTE, N.C., July 30, 2009 - Tree.com, Inc. (NASDAQ: TREE) today announced financial results for its second quarter ended June 30, 2009 with $0.07 earnings per share on net income of $700,000. Q209 Revenue was $61.0 million, which was a $3.7 million increase quarter-over-quarter. Excluding certain items, Q209 Adjusted EBITDA was $8.2 million, which was a $0.6 million decrease quarter-over-quarter and an $11.8 million increase year-over-year.
Doug Lebda, Chairman and CEO of Tree.com, said, "Overall, we are pleased with our Q2 results, but toward the end of the quarter interest rates began to climb, as seen in the table below, and we have begun to see the fall-off in refinance volume that we have been predicting for some time now. This situation reemphasizes our need to aggressively pursue our strategic initiatives to diversify our revenue streams outside of mortgage. We expect it will take some time, but we are beginning to establish footholds in a couple of new verticals with our recently announced acquisitions of DoneRight and LeadRelevance."
Information Regarding Q2 Results
Tree.com CFO Matt Packey added, "We continue to be happy with the revenue growth and bottom line performance. However, as we have mentioned in the prior two quarters, these results, particularly at LTL, were bolstered by a low interest rate environment. Looking forward, we've seen some economic forecasts which generally indicate a slow rising interest rate environment, likely meaning lower conversion rates and more investments in marketing to drive the same level, or even fewer, consumers to us. Coupling those factors with a normal seasonal downturn in Q4 and barring other changes, we would expect both Q3 and Q4 results to shift downward. As we've said previously, we will remain focused on keeping our Adjusted EBITDA in the black."
LendingTree Loans revenue in Q209 increased 5% compared to Q109, and increased 44% compared to the same period in 2008. Revenue from the origination and sale of loans increased 5% quarter-over-quarter and 51% year-over-year. The Q209 revenue improvements were the result of a better than 20% increase in the number of loans closed quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year coupled with a slight increase in average funded loan balances. These increases were partially offset by a higher provision for loan losses in the period, reflecting approximately a 20% increase in loan reserves primarily for 2006 and 2007 vintage loans.
Operating expenses increased $2.7 million quarter-over-quarter and decreased $1.3 million year-over-year. The primary driver of both variances was changes in marketing spend.
Exchanges revenue in Q209 increased 8% compared to Q109 and decreased 32% compared to the same period in 2008. On a quarter-over-quarter basis, Exchanges revenue improved largely due to increases in transfer fees to LendingTree Loans with network revenue remaining essentially flat. The decrease in revenue year-over-year continues to reflect the weaker lender demand in this low rate environment.
Despite lower closing units in the quarter, close revenue remained flat quarter-over-quarter due to a 9% increase in closed loan values. The year-over-year decrease in closing revenue is the result of the continued trend of lower matched loan requests related to the lender capacity issues.
Operating expenses increased $0.6 million quarter-over-quarter and decreased $10.7 million year-over-year. The increase quarter-over-quarter was largely due to our investments for production of our new advertising. The year-over-year decrease was primarily driven by reductions in variable marketing spend versus Q208, made possible by higher consumer demand driven by favorable mortgage rate trends and some improvement in organic traffic.
Q209 Real Estate revenue increased $2.0 million or 35% from Q109 and decreased $2.4 million or 24% from Q208. The primary driver of the quarter-over-quarter increase was normal seasonality as Q2 is typically the peak home buying season. The year-over-year decrease in total Real Estate revenue is attributed to declines in our referral networks, which experienced decreases in closings and transaction values year-over-year from persistent negative market conditions.
Operating expenses decreased $1.1 million quarter-over-quarter and decreased $2.2 million year-over-year. The decreases in operating expense were primarily due to decreases in marketing expenses related to the continued progress in marketing efficiency driven by ongoing innovation on the RealEstate.com Web site, as well as general and administrative reductions reflecting our prior cost cutting initiatives.
The eliminations both in revenue and in marketing were primarily associated with the inter-segment transfer pricing charged from Exchanges to LendingTree Loans for leads. Operating expenses increased $0.9 million quarter-over-quarter and $1.3 million year-over-year. The quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year increases in operating expense were primarily related to increases in professional fees for various corporate matters and public company costs.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of June 30, 2009, Tree.com had $83.7 million in unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, compared to $81.4 million as of March 31, 2009. There were two key drivers of the increase in cash for the period. The first is Adjusted EBITDA of $8.2 million generated for the quarter. The second is related to $1.9 million of cash received from the sale of restricted common stock. These increases were offset by a $3.6 million net cash outflow related to timing of the origination and sale of loans and warehouse line activity, $3.4 million of negative net working capital changes and $0.8 million of capital expenditures during the quarter.
The loans held for sale and warehouse lines of credit balances as of June 30, 2009 were $111.9 million and $93.1 million, respectively.
Tree.com will audiocast its conference call with investors and analysts discussing the Company's second quarter financial results on Thursday, July 30, 2009 at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time (ET). This call will include the disclosure of certain information, including forward-looking information, which may be material to an investor's understanding of Tree.com's business. The live audiocast is open to the public at http://investor-relations.tree.com/.
About Tree.com, Inc.
Tree.com, Inc. (NASDAQ: TREE) is the parent of several brands and businesses in the financial services and real estate industries including LendingTree®, LendingTree Loans sm, GetSmart®, Home Loan Center, RealEstate.com, iNest®, and RealEstate.com, REALTORS®. Together, they serve as an ally for consumers who are looking to comparison shop loans, real estate and other financial products from multiple businesses and professionals who compete for their business.
Tree.com, Inc. is headquartered in Charlotte, N.C. and maintains operations solely in the United States. For more information, please visit www.tree.com.
The overall concept that Tree.com employs in determining its reportable segments and related financial information is to present them in a manner consistent with how the chief operating decision maker and executive management view the businesses, how the businesses are organized as to segment management, and the focus of the businesses with regards to the types of products or services offered or the target market.
Following the spin-off from IAC, the new chief operating decision maker began to realign the Tree.com businesses into new operating segments. For the first quarter of 2009, management completed its realignment of staffing and direct revenue and costs for each new segment and created reporting structures to enable the chief operating decision maker and management to evaluate the results of operations for each of these new segments on a comparative basis with prior periods. In prior periods, the segments "Lending" and "Real Estate" were presented, which have been changed to "LendingTree Loans", "Exchanges", and "Real Estate" segments. Additionally, certain shared indirect costs that are described below are reported as "Unallocated - Corporate". All items of segment information for prior periods have been restated to conform to the new reportable segment presentation.
The expenses presented for each of the business segments include an allocation of certain corporate expenses that are identifiable and directly benefit those segments. The unallocated expenses are those corporate overhead expenses that are not directly attributable to a segment and include: corporate expenses such as finance, legal, executive, technology support, and human resources, as well as elimination of inter-segment revenue and costs.
The LendingTree Loans segment originates, processes, approves and funds various residential real estate loans through Home Loan Center, Inc. ("HLC") (d/b/a LendingTree Loans). The HLC and LendingTree Loans brand names are collectively referred to as "LendingTree Loans."
The Exchanges segment consists of online lead generation networks and call centers (principally LendingTree.com and GetSmart.com) that connect consumers and service providers principally in the lending industry.
Real Estate consists of a proprietary full service real estate brokerage (RealEstate.com, REALTORS®) that operates in 20 U.S. markets, as well as an online lead generation network accessed at www.RealEstate.com, that connects consumers with real estate brokerages around the country.
Definition of Tree.com's Non-GAAP Measures
Tree.com reports Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("EBITDA"), and adjusted for certain items discussed below ("Adjusted EBITDA"), as supplemental measures to GAAP. These measures are two of the primary metrics by which Tree.com evaluates the performance of its businesses, on which its internal budgets are based and by which management is compensated. Tree.com believes that investors should have access to the same set of tools that it uses in analyzing its results. These non-GAAP measures should be considered in addition to results prepared in accordance with GAAP, but should not be considered a substitute for or superior to GAAP results. Tree.com provides and encourages investors to examine the reconciling adjustments between the GAAP and non-GAAP measure which are discussed below.
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA excluding (1) non-cash compensation expense, (2) non-cash intangible asset impairment charges, (3) gain/loss on disposal of assets, (4) restructuring expenses, (5) proceeds from litigation settlements, (6) pro forma adjustments for significant acquisitions, and (7) one-time items. Tree.com believes this measure is useful to investors because it represents the operating results from Tree.com's segments, but excludes the effects of any other non-cash expenses. Adjusted EBITDA has certain limitations in that it does not take into account the impact to Tree.com's statement of operations of certain expenses, including depreciation, non-cash compensation and acquisition related accounting. Tree.com endeavors to compensate for the limitations of the non-GAAP measure presented by also providing the comparable GAAP measure with equal or greater prominence and descriptions of the reconciling items, including quantifying such items, to derive the non-GAAP measure.
Pro Forma Results
Tree.com will only present EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA on a pro forma basis if it views a particular transaction as significant in size or transformational in nature. For the periods presented in this release, there are no transactions that Tree.com has included on a pro forma basis.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are presented before one-time items, if applicable. These items are truly one-time in nature and non-recurring, infrequent or unusual, and have not occurred in the past two years or are not expected to recur in the next two years, in accordance with SEC rules. For the periods presented in this release, there are no one-time items.
Non-Cash Expenses That Are Excluded From Tree.com's Non-GAAP Measures
Non-cash compensation expense consists principally of expense associated with the grants of restricted stock units and stock options. These expenses are not paid in cash, and Tree.com will include the related shares in its future calculations of fully diluted shares outstanding. Upon vesting of restricted stock units and the exercise of certain stock options, the awards will be settled, at Tree.com's discretion, on a net basis, with Tree.com remitting the required tax withholding amount from its current funds.
Amortization and impairment of intangibles are non-cash expenses relating primarily to acquisitions. At the time of an acquisition, the intangible assets of the acquired company, such as purchase agreements, technology and customer relationships, are valued and amortized over their estimated lives.
Reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
For a reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to operating income (loss) for Tree.com's operating segments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 and 2008, see the table above.
Interest Rate Risk
Tree.com's exposure to market rate risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to its interest rate lock commitments, loans held for sale, and LendingTree Loans' lines of credit.
Safe Harbor Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
The matters contained in the discussion above may be considered to be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Those statements include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of the Company and members of our management team. Factors currently known to management that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include the following: our ability to operate effectively as a separate public entity following our spin-off from IAC in August 2008; additional costs associated with operating as an independent company; volatility in our stock price and trading volume; our ability to obtain financing on acceptable terms; limitations on our ability to enter into transactions due to spin-related restrictions; adverse conditions in the primary and secondary mortgage markets and in the economy; adverse conditions in our industries; adverse conditions in the credit markets and the inability to renew or replace warehouse lines of credit; seasonality in our businesses; potential liabilities to secondary market purchasers; changes in our relationships with network lenders, real estate professionals, credit providers and secondary market purchasers; breaches of our network security or the misappropriation or misuse of personal consumer information; our failure to provide competitive service; our failure to maintain brand recognition; our ability to attract and retain customers in a cost-effective manner; our ability to develop new products and services and enhance existing ones; competition from our network lenders and affiliated real estate professionals; our failure to comply with existing or changing laws, rules or regulations, or to obtain and maintain required licenses; failure of our network lenders or other affiliated parties to comply with regulatory requirements; failure to maintain the integrity of our systems and infrastructure; liabilities as a result of privacy regulations; failure to adequately protect our intellectual property rights or allegations of infringement of intellectual property rights; changes in our management; and deficiencies in our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. These and additional factors to be considered are set forth under "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2008, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2009, and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results or expectations.